Volume 57, Issue 8 p. 2207-2214
Reactors, Kinetics, and Catalysis

Solution combustion synthesis of metal nanopowders: Nickel—Reaction pathways

A. Kumar

A. Kumar

Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556

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E. E. Wolf

E. E. Wolf

Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556

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A. S. Mukasyan

Corresponding Author

A. S. Mukasyan

Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556

Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556Search for more papers by this author
First published: 03 September 2010
Citations: 110

Abstract

Nanopowders of pure nickel were directly synthesized for the first time by conventional solution combustion synthesis (SCS) method. In this article, a specific reaction pathway is suggested to describe the metallic phase formation during SCS. It is proposed that the exothermic reaction between NH3 and HNO3 species formed during the decomposition of glycine and nickel nitrate acts as the source of energy required to achieve the self-sustained reaction regime. A thermodynamic analysis of the combustion synthesis reaction indicates that increasing glycine concentration leads to establishing a hydrogen rich reducing environment in the combustion wave that in turn results in the formation of pure metals and metal alloys. TGA of reaction systems and XRD analysis of products in the quenched combustion wave show that the formation of oxide phases occurs in the reaction front, followed by gradual reduction of oxide to pure metallic phases in the postcombustion zone. A methodology for SCS of pure metals and metal alloys nanoparticles can be inferred from the results presented. © 2010 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 2011